SCI 220 Week 4 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

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SCI 220 Week 4 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam
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SCI 220 Week 4 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks’ readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.

Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 4 Exam.

Complete the Week 4 Exam covering this week’s assigned readings listed below:

  • Ch. 9: Energy Balance and Weight Management
  • Ch. 10: Nutrition, Fitness, and Physical Activity

Note. Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classrom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.

 

Question 5

Your answer is correct.
  

Which of these pictures likely demonstrates the person with more visceral versus subcutaneous fat?

Photo credits: (left) Annie Griffiths Belt/©Corbis, (right) Tom McHugh/Photo Researchers, Inc.

Picture A

 

Picture B

 

 

 

Question 6

Your answer is correct.
  

According to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, for those who need to lose weight or have lost weight and want to keep it off, _____ minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week is recommended.

45

 

90

 

125

 

150

 

 

 

 

Question 8

Your answer is correct.
  

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

Mary, a sedentary college student, must plan her food intake carefully, so it doesn’t exceed energy expenditure.

 

Tim, a long-distance runner, can burn more calories for physical activity than for basal metabolism.

 

Joe, who has a high fat diet, will burn more calories to process his food than Deb who follows a lower fat diet.

 

All of these statements are true.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 9

Your answer is correct.
  

Based on these two maps representing the percentage of obese adults, which of the following statements is FALSE?

Obesity throughout the United States is rising.

 

The southern states tend to have the lowest percentage of obese adults.

 

There has been a substantial increase in the number of obese adults in the majority of the states.

 

In 1990, several states didn’t track obesity rates among adults.

 

 

 

 

Question 14

Your answer is correct.
  

Which of the following is the best example to illustrate the overload principle?

Briskly walking for 20 minutes every other day this week, increasing the intensity of walking the next week

 

Eating a dessert, then 2 hours later swimming 30 minutes

 

Exercising in the evening instead of in the morning

 

Riding a stationary bike for 20 minutes, then immediately running 20 minutes

 

 

 

 

 

Question 15

Your answer is correct.
  

Endorphins

increase basal metabolic rate.

 

increase muscle mass.

 

reduce appetite.

 

reduce carbohydrate cravings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 16

Your answer is correct.
  

As fitness improves, an exerciser must perform more intense activity to raise his heart rate.

True

 

False

 

 

 

Question 22

Your answer is correct.
  

Aerobic training _____the size and _____ the number of mitochondria in cells.

decreases, decreases

 

decreases, increases

 

increases, decreases

 

increases, increases

Test Bank, Question 31

Noelle is an 18 year old female. She is 5 feet 5 inches tall (1.65 m), weighs 130 pounds (59.1 kg), and her physical activity value is 1.31. What is her estimated energy requirement?

1798 calories/day

 

2399 calories/day

 

2459 calories/day

 

3300 calories/day

Test Bank, Question 24

  

Which of the following characteristics regarding energy balance is FALSE?

The more food that is put in front of people, the more they eat.

 

The location and proximity of fast-food or quick-service restaurants has no effect on the BMI of individuals who live in those communities.

 

Pre-packaged, convenience type foods are typically higher in fat and kcalories than foods prepared at home.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 62

  

________ limits the amount of food that can be consumed.

Adjustable gastric banding

 

Alli

 

Gastric bypass

 

Liposuction

 

 

Test Bank, Question 61

  

Which of the following methods of weight-loss surgery would you expect would NOT receive medical reimbursement?

Adjustable gastric banding

 

Gastric bypass

 

Liposuction

 

Medical reimbursement is common for all of these surgeries

 

 

Test Bank, Question 33

  

Which of the following does NOT factor into calculating an individual’s EER?

activity level

 

age

 

ethnicity

 

gender

 

 

Test Bank, Question 20

  

Based on their distribution of body fat, which of the persons is at increased risk for type 2 diabetes?

Photo credits: (left) Annie Griffiths Belt/©Corbis, (right) Tom McHugh/Photo Researchers, Inc.

Picture A

 

Picture B

 

 

Test Bank, Question 30

  

Which of the following would have an increased BMR?

Tim, who is recovering from surgery

 

Mary, who is pregnant with twins

 

Sally, who is 8 years old and is an avid swimmer

 

All of these would have increased basal metabolic rates

 

 

Test Bank, Question 49

  

Christy is overweight and interested in losing ¾ pound of weight each week. Christy will need to have a _____calorie per day deficit in her energy balance for this to occur.

200

 

375

 

500

 

625

 

 

Test Bank, Question 22

  

The desire to consume specific foods is called

appetite.

 

boredom.

 

hunger.

 

satiety.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 74

  

Which of the following individuals would best meet the criteria for bariatric surgery?

Julia, a 52 year old woman with a BMI of 42 and high blood pressure

 

Mark, an 80 year old man with a BMI of 20 with congestive heart failure

 

Nancy, a 14 year old girl with Type 2 diabetes and a BMI of 34

 

Stan, a 35 year old alcoholic with hypertension and lactose intolerance

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 57

  

Which of the following is characteristic of a healthy weight loss diet?

Eating fewer than 1200 calories daily.

 

Losing 5 lbs a week.

 

Promoting physical activity.

 

Limiting milk and other animal products.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 15

  

_____ measures an electric current traveling through the body and is used to determine body composition.

Air displacement

 

Bioelectrical impedance

 

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

 

Underwater weighing

 

 

Test Bank, Question 25

  

The amount of ATP produced by anaerobic versus aerobic metabolism depends on the:

amount of glycogen this is stored in the body.

 

availability of oxygen.

 

availability of amino acids.

 

pH of the blood.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 38

  

Based on the information in this visual, where can your muscles get glucose to fuel activity?

Dietary carbohydrates

 

Liver glycogen

 

Muscle glycogen

 

All of these are sources of glucose

 

 

Test Bank, Question 30

  

As compared to medium intensity activity, such as running for 45 minutes, amino acids are used at a _____ rate and glucose at a _____ rate for fuel during high intensity exercise, such as sprinting 100 yards.

higher, lower

 

higher, higher

 

lower, lower

 

lower, higher

 

 

Test Bank, Question 64

  

Which of the following would be the best pre-exercise meal for a marathon runner?

Sausage and egg biscuit

 

1 blueberry pop tart

 

1 cup corn flakes with skim milk and a banana

 

½ cup of hash browns and 2 pieces of bacon

 

 

Test Bank, Question 55

  

Adam has been push mowing his yard on a very hot and humid day for almost 90 minutes now. He is feeling faint and disoriented and is sweating profusely. When he checked his pulse, he noticed that it was weak but rapid. Based on this scenario, Adam is most likely experiencing which of the following?

Heat cramps

 

Heat exhaustion

 

Heat stroke

 

Sports anemia

 

 

Test Bank, Question 65

  

The best post-exercise foods for marathon runners contain

carbohydrates only.

 

protein only.

 

carbohydrate and fat.

 

carbohydrate and protein.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 7

  

Which of the following is NOT considered a component of a person’s fitness?

Body composition

 

Flexibility

 

Maximum heart rate

 

Strength

 

 

Test Bank, Question 16

  

Maximum heart rate _____ with age.

decreases

 

increases

 

does not change (is not affected by age)

 

 

Test Bank, Question 29

  

As compared to medium intensity exercise, such as hiking, fatty acids are used at a_____ rate and glucose at a _____ rate for fuel during rest.

higher, lower

 

higher, higher

 

lower, lower

 

lower, higher

 

 

Test Bank, Question 61

  

Which of the following is NOT a purpose of a pre-exercise meal?

Maximize glycogen stores

 

Provide adequate hydration

 

Maximize fat stores

 

Minimize hunger and gastric distress

 

 

Test Bank, Question 75

  

The source of fuel in the first few seconds of exercise is

 

stored glycogen.

 

glucose made by the liver.

 

fatty acids.

 

protein.

 

ATP and creatine phosphate.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 49

  

Exercise increases _____ production which can be counteracted by ____ in the body.

ATP, antioxidants

 

ATP, amino acids

 

free radical, antioxidants

 

free radical; fatty acids

 

Test Bank, Question 35

  

When an athlete “hits the wall”, which fuel has been depleted?

Creatine phosphate

 

Fat

 

Glycogen

 

Protein

Test Bank, Question 77

  

In order to calculate a person’s BMI, you need to know the person’s

 

height and weight.

 

gender and body composition.

 

age and activity level.

 

lean body mass and waist circumference.

 

gender and weight.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 10

  

_____ is the body mass attributed to non-fat body components, such as bone, muscle, and internal organs.

Body mass index

 

Fat mass

 

Healthy weight mass

 

Lean body mass

 

 

Test Bank, Question 15

  

_____ measures an electric current traveling through the body and is used to determine body composition.

Air displacement

 

Bioelectrical impedance

 

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

 

Underwater weighing

 

 

Test Bank, Question 24

  

Which of the following characteristics regarding energy balance is FALSE?

The more food that is put in front of people, the more they eat.

 

The location and proximity of fast-food or quick-service restaurants has no effect on the BMI of individuals who live in those communities.

 

Pre-packaged, convenience type foods are typically higher in fat and kcalories than foods prepared at home.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 25

  

For most people, the majority of their total energy expenditure is from their

basal metabolism

 

energy intake

 

physical activity

 

thermic effect of food

 

 

Test Bank, Question 55

  

Which of the following is NOT a component of behavior modification?

Antecedents or cues that lead to a behavior

 

The behavior itself

 

Consequences of behavior, such as weight gain or anemia

 

Punishment for overeating

 

 

Test Bank, Question 32

  

Gary is a 25 year old male. He is 6 feet 1 inches tall (1.85 m), weighs 195 pounds (88.6 kg), and his physical activity level is 1.48. Which of the following contributes the most to his estimated energy expenditure?

Age

 

Weight

 

Height

 

 

Test Bank, Question 26

  

In general, non-exercise activity thermogenesis varies _____ between adult individuals.

minimally

 

moderately

 

tremendously

 

not at all

 

 

Test Bank, Question 34

  

Based on the information depicted in the visual, which of the following statements is FALSE?

When you consume too many grams of carbohydrate, the excess can be stored as fat.

 

Fat is stored in adipose tissue.

 

Amino acids can be used for energy.

 

Excess protein in the diet will build larger muscles.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 16

  

Which of the following is NOT a method of determining body composition?

Air displacement in the BOD POD

 

Bioelectric impedance

 

Body mass index

 

Skinfold thickness measures

 

 

Test Bank, Question 62

  

________ limits the amount of food that can be consumed.

Adjustable gastric banding

 

Alli

 

Gastric bypass

 

Liposuction

 

 

Test Bank, Question 60

  

Which of the following statements regarding weight loss drugs is FALSE?

Prescription, as well as over-the-counter weight loss drugs, are regulated by the FDA

 

Some of these drugs work by affecting brain neurotransmitters

 

Weight loss usually continues, even after you stop taking the drugs, as long has you have taken the drugs for 8 weeks

 

Some of these drugs work by decreasing fat absorption in the intestine

 

 

Test Bank, Question 29

  

As compared to medium intensity exercise, such as hiking, fatty acids are used at a_____ rate and glucose at a _____ rate for fuel during rest.

higher, lower

 

higher, higher

 

lower, lower

 

lower, higher

 

 

Test Bank, Question 35

  

When an athlete “hits the wall”, which fuel has been depleted?

Creatine phosphate

 

Fat

 

Glycogen

 

Protein

 

 

Test Bank, Question 79

  

The source of fuel in the first few seconds of exercise is

 

glucose made by the liver.

 

fatty acids.

 

protein.

 

ATP and creatine phosphate.

 

stored glycogen.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 33

  

The predominate fuel used by muscle during a 10K race (~50 minutes) is

carbohydrate.

 

creatine phosphate.

 

fat.

 

protein.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 15

  

Which of the following statements regarding physical activity is FALSE?

Adults should include strength training activities 4-5 times a week.

 

Approximately one-third of American adults get no physical activity at all during their leisure time.

 

Greater health benefits can be obtained by exercising more vigorously or for a longer time.

 

Most Americans do not exercise regularly.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 63

  

Post-event meals should accomplish which of the following?

Replenish lost fluid and electrolytes

 

Replenish glycogen stores

 

Provide protein for building and repairing muscle tissue

 

All of these should be accomplished by a post-event meal

 

 

Test Bank, Question 30

  

As compared to medium intensity activity, such as running for 45 minutes, amino acids are used at a _____ rate and glucose at a _____ rate for fuel during high intensity exercise, such as sprinting 100 yards.

higher, lower

 

higher, higher

 

lower, lower

 

lower, higher

Test Bank, Question 81

  

Which of the following occurs as a result of aerobic exercise training?

 

decrease in resting heart rate

 

all of the choices are correct

 

greater glycogen storage

 

more muscle mitochondria

 

increase in the number of red blood cells

 

 

Test Bank, Question 42

  

Why is increasing the number of red blood cells an advantageous physiological change that occurs with aerobic training?

It allows oxygen to be transported to tissues.

 

It increases creatine phosphate concentration in muscles.

 

It allows more glycogen to be stored.

 

It prevents the breakdown of amino acids for fuel.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 60

  

Which of the following statements regarding carbohydrate loading is FALSE?

To carbohydrate load, one should consume 10-12 grams of carbohydrate/kg of body weight per day.

 

Carbohydrate loading is most appropriate as part of training plan.

 

Carbohydrate loading is more appropriate for those competing in short-duration events.

 

Trained athletes who follow a carbohydrate-loading plan can double their muscle glycogen content.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 27

  

Which of the following statements regarding ATP production is FALSE?

Aerobic metabolism requires oxygen.

 

Carbohydrates, fats, and protein can be used to product ATP.

 

Most ATP is produced in the mitochondria.

 

The majority of ATP is produced by anaerobic metabolism.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 20

  

If you do not rest enough between exercise sessions, which of the following statements is correct?

Both fitness and performance will still improve.

 

Fitness, but not performance, will still improve.

 

Performance, but not fitness, will still improve.

 

Neither fitness nor performance will improve.

 

 

 

 

 

Having excess body fat increases a person’s risk of developing which of the following diseases?

Arthritis

 

Gallbladder disease

 

Heart disease

 

The risk of all of these is increased with the presence of excess body fat

 

 

 

 

 

Which of the following common dieting methods would most likely promote long-term weight loss?

Exchange lists

 

Liquid formulas

 

Low-carbohydrate diets

 

Low-fat diets

 

 

 

 

Deidre is 5 feet 4 inches tall and her weight is 135 pounds. Her BMI is closest to _____ kg/m2.

19

 

23

 

26

 

29

 

 

 

Weight lifting stresses the muscles, causing them to adapt by increasing in size and strength. This process is called

atrophy.

 

hypertrophy.

 

megalomia.

 

tonia.

 

 

 

 

What nutrient can be used to produce energy in the absence of oxygen?

 

B vitamins

 

lactic acid

 

glucose

 

protein

 

fatty acids

 

 

 

 

 

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the female athlete triad?

Amenorrhea

 

Disordered eating

 

Improved bone density

 

Low percentage of body fat

 

 

 

Endurance athletes should focus on replenishing which fuel store in the body prior to the next workout?

Amino acids in the liver

 

Creatine phosphate

 

Fatty acids in the muscle

 

Glycogen in the muscle and liver

 

 

 

 

The most common symptom of overtraining syndrome is

elevated body temperature (running a fever).

 

fatigue, even at rest.

 

thirst that is not relieved by drinking fluids.

 

urine is concentrated (dark yellow color).

 

 

 

 

Aerobic exercise is considered to be at an intensity of _____ % of maximum heart rate.

10-30%

 

40-70%

 

60-85%

 

90-100%

 

 

 

 

 

Based on the information depicted in this visual, which of the following statements is FALSE?

During the first few seconds of exercise, the muscles get energy from stored ATP.

 

After about 10 minutes, most of the ATP used to fuel exercise is produced by anaerobic metabolism.

 

In about 2 minutes, anaerobic metabolism of glucose becomes the predominant source of ATP.

 

Very early in exercise, creatine phosphate is broken down to produce ATP.